A.M.E. Zion Church: The Freedom Church (PDF 1.1MB)
The African Methodist Episcopal (or A.M.E.) Zion Church was established in 1821 and soon after became known as “The Freedom Church.” It was called that because many of its members were abolitionists, and some were agents on the Underground Railroad.
Can you find the church on the Freedom Trail that looks most like this picture?
Connecticut 29th Regiment Civil War Soldier (PDF 1.1MB)
Many African Americans joined the military to fight in the Civil War. They wanted to help end slavery in the South. Even though these soldiers were free, they were not treated equally as the white soldiers. The Connecticut 29th Regiment is the most famous all-black Civil War regiment in Connecticut.
How many Civil War sites can you find on the Freedom Trail?
Cinque (PDF 1.1MB)
Joseph Cinque (also called Sengbe Pieh) was the leader of the Mende Africans of the Amistad. After the trial, the Mende Africans went to Farmington to live until they could return to Sierra Leone, Africa.
Do you know at which Freedom Trail site in Farmington Cinque gave his farewell speech?
Prudence Crandall House (PDF 1.1MB)
Prudence Crandall is Connecticut’s State Heroine. When she opened a school to provide education for young black girls, many people in her town were angry. She was brave and stood up for what was right. Even though she had to close her school, she brought international attention to the discrimination in the United States against African Americans. Today her house is a museum.
What are some other sites related to the Prudence Crandall story?
La Amistad (PDF 1.1MB)
In 1839, Mende Africans captured to be slaves took over La Amistad, a ship they were being held on near Cuba. They tried to sail back to Africa, but at night the Spanish captain sailed in a different direction. They ended up in Long Island Sound. They were involved in a long trial to determine if they were slaves or if they were free. Finally, they won their freedom. They stayed in Farmington after the trial until they could go back home. In 1842, the Mende Africans finally sailed back home.
Where are the most Amistad sites on the Freedom Trail?
Freedom Trail Quilt (PDF 1.1MB)
Quilts were an important part of the Underground Railroad movement. Since the Underground Railroad had to be kept secret, different patterns and shapes on quilts became secret messages. The symbols could show runaways that they were welcome, or they could show warnings about dangers nearby.
As you color each square, create a story or find a site on the Freedom Trail that matches the picture.